Hyperpigmentation affects approximately 90% of pregnant women. It is characterized by darker stains or spots of skin covering any part of the body but is most frequent on the breasts and inner thighs. Hyperpigmentation on the face is called melasma gravidarum, chloasma or the 'mask of pregnancy.' It can appear as dark spots on the forehead, upper lip, cheeks, and chin. It's theorized that the hormones estrogen and progesterone stimulate melanocytes to produce more melanin - that is the substance that provides color to the hair and skin. how to cure melasma permanently
Melasma affects approximately 70% of girls in pregnancy but girls with dark skin, i.e., Asian, Indian, Afro-Caribbean/African American, may have higher prices. The good news is that melasma frequently goes after women have their babies with over 10% of girls having persistent scenarios. Prevention and Treatment Primarily, avoid direct sun especially between the hours of 10 am and 2 pm and use a high factor sunscreen - Factor 30 and higher.
This may prevent any additional darkening of your skin. Thirdly, use hiding makeup and wait patiently to find out if your skin changes following delivery. There are some topical creams available on the market that contain active ingredients proven to treat hyperpigmentation; hydroquinone and tretinoin. Tretonin Even though Tretonin or Retin A has a minimal skin absorption rate it has been enjoyed to retinoid embryopathy in four published cases. Other studies examined use throughout the first trimester of pregnancy using 96 and 106 women.
These studies didn't find an increased risk of congenital disabilities or evidence of retinoid embryopathy. That said, specialists in this discipline would advise to not use retinoids while pregnant since there has to be further investigation in this area. Hydroquinone is used as a skin lightener at treating melasma (in nonpregnancy instances) however it's estimated that a high 35-40 percent is systemically absorbed through the skin.
A single study has been published between using hydroquinone when pregnant, and it does not seem to be associated with any threat to the growing infant, however, due to the lack of additional research and because of the high amount of absorption it's probably better to avoid it. Sun Protection Sun lotions are used to protect the skin from the sun's damaging rays. Very little of these active ingredients are absorbed into the skin or to the body. Pregnant girls have used sunscreens for decades to help prevent melasma with no adverse outcomes.